How many types of exception handlers are there in .NET ?

The exception information table represents four types of exception handlers for protected blocks:

  • A finally handler that executes whenever the block exits, whether that occurs by normal control flow or by an unhandled exception.
  • A fault handler that must execute if an exception occurs, but does not execute on completion of normal control flow.
  • A type-filtered handler that handles any exception of a specified class or any of its derived classes.
  • A user-filtered handler that runs user-specified code to determine whether the exception should be handled by the associated handler or should be passed to the next protected block.

How the Runtime Manages Exceptions ?

The runtime uses an exception handling model based on exception objects and protected blocks of code. An Exception object is created to represent an exception when it occurs.

The runtime creates an exception information table for each executable. Each method of the executable has an associated array of exception handling information (which can be empty) in the exception information table. Each entry in the array describes a protected block of code, any exception filters associated with that code, and any exception handlers (catch statements). This exception table is extremely efficient and there is no performance penalty in processor time or in memory use when an exception does not occur. You use resources only when an exception occurs.

 

What is an Exceptions?

We code to make the program perfect and Error free; eventhough there is a chance of errors. All .NET Framework operations indicate failure by throwing exceptions.

An exception is any error condition or unexpected behavior encountered by an executing program. Exceptions can be raised because of a fault in your code or in code you call (such as a shared library), unavailable operating system resources, unexpected conditions the common language runtime encounters (such as code that cannot be verified), and so on.

In the .NET Framework, an exception is an object that inherits from the Exception Class class. An exception is thrown from an area of code where a problem has occurred. The exception is passed up the stack until the application handles it or the program terminates.

 

What is Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF)?

The Microsoft Windows Presentation Foundation provides the foundation for building applications and high fidelity experiences in Windows Vista, blending together application UI, documents, and media content, while exploiting the full power of your computer. The functionality extends to the support for Tablet and other forms of input, a more modern imaging and printing pipeline, accessibility and UI automation infrastructure, data driven UI and visualization, as well as the integration points for weaving the application experience into the Windows shell.

 

What is Windows Communication Foundation (WCF)?

Windows Communication Foundation (formerly code-named “Indigo”) is a set of .NET technologies for building and running connected systems. It is a new breed of communications infrastructure built around the Web services architecture. Advanced Web services support in Windows Communication Foundation provides secure, reliable, and transacted messaging along with interoperability. The service-oriented programming model of Windows Communication Foundation is built on the Microsoft .NET Framework and simplifies development of connected systems. Windows Communication Foundation unifies a broad array of distributed systems capabilities in a composable and extensible architecture, spanning transports, security systems, messaging patterns, encodings, network topologies, and hosting models. Windows Communication Foundation is available for Windows Vista as well as for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.